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Bad Schwalbach, district and resort town

lies in the western Untertaunus, 300 to 400 metres above sea level in a regional exceedingly attractive and well wooded area. Good traffic facilities (bus lines as well as partially excellent streets - “Bäderstraße") exist to the cities situated in its other surroundings of Wiesbaden, Mainz, Frankfurt am Main and Koblenz, to the world-famous Rheingau (Wispertalstraße) as well as to the contemplative and restful places of the Taunuslandschaft. Schwalbach offers rich material regarding cultural-historical events, because Schwalbach shines for 300 years not only under the superior medicinal baths of Germany and a full century even as a luxury bath of the first rank, but it was also from 1794 to 1816 the seat to all central authorities of the former low county Katzenelnbogen. As, “Langinswalbach" the city was mentioned for the first time in 1352 in a document. However, this spot might have existed already before several centuries. Most early discovered documents argue for it. The inhabitants lived predominantly on the woollen weaver craft, a branch of industry which was likewise spread in the adjoining Hadamar and Dillenburg countries. To the woollen weavers it surely went well. Already in 1471 they held the first service in their new church, today's Martin Luther church, possibly the oldest building of the city. In this church the grandson of the knight Götz von Berlichingen was buried. The brass of Johann Gottfried (died in 1588) is even today a piece of jewellery of the usually easy and simple church. The earlier modest village won bigger meaning and a more advantageous appearance only as a result of the excellent mineral springs. The number of the patient at the health resort increased constantly. Because of available documents from former centuries some names of the most significant guests were delivered. Thus the elector August von Sachsen with his spouse Anna, field marshal Tilly, Knight Franz von Sickingen, the philosopher Leibniz and the engraver Merian came. The use of the springs of Langenschwalbach had been recommended to them - the water probably also helped them. They drank the healing water of the Bad Schwalbach Well (the best known one was the wine well) and had a bath in the water of the Brodel Well. Although the place burnt down almost completely in 1632, the still good call of the springs helped to a quick reconstruction. The city flourished again, the bath life forced it to it. Certainly Bad Schwalbach takes the first rank under the German chalybeate springs. Its wells own that quality which characterise a superior chalybeate spring, namely high iron content, wealth of carbon dioxide and total rescinded of all other components. Also even today the tasty water makes drinking the waters easily and pleasantly.

In the first period of its development Schwalbach was only an easy medicinal bath. The good tasting water of the wine well was dispatched by no means only within Germany, but also to France, Holland, Switzerland and to Prague, in barrels or jugs, often mixed with wine, because it was supposed that it would keep fresh longer. We owe the international name of the medicinal bath to two significant doctors, namely Fenner von Fenneberg (1798 to 1848) and Adolph Genth (1838 to 1888), the author of the history of this bathing resort. Because many foreigners, except for Germans searched for healing here, therefore Schwalbach could be called later with full right ”world bath".

In addition, the mild, rich in oxygen mountain air is a significant health resort means. This temperate stimulating climate is a big remedial factor. The today's bath company is promoted by the province Hessen very much. Bad Schwalbach is a state bath like the neighbouring Schlangenbad and the Hessian baths Hersfeld, Nauheim, Wildungen as well as Salzhausen, König and Wimpfen. The health resort guest number rose from about 2,000 in the middle of the last century, thanks to the all-year health resort time, to approx. 20,000 yearly. In steady rise Schwalbach developed to a German luxury bath. Numerous European rulers, for example, the French imperial pair and the Russian czar's family, stayed here for cure. In their suite were princes, counts, but also adventurers and players who tried their luck in the casino and lost at the same time. Ladies and men loved the hazard game. At that time in the biggest play hall stood 30 play tables. The Most pleasure took place in the today's avenue hall. Sometimes it was a high affair and the citizens of this city should have become well-to-do. In the city centre many nice timber-framed buildings with artistic carve work testify still today that everybody made money out of the cure, even the children. The boys should have made themselves useful as a lantern bearer to escort the guests at night to their accommodations over the open brooks at the edge of the main road or maybe to let them fall through when the tip was not high enough! As reported the girls were allowed to fluff the beds as lady's maids of the royal persons and were allowed to accept more or less princely presents. At that time beside others many Englishmen came here. On their island sensational publications had advertised for the Schwalbach water. Still today a church which was established for the Englishmen in the midst of the health resort quarter tells about it. The vernacular calls it “English church". In the powder steam of the First World War the big shine of Bad Schwalbach disappeared. Indeed, after years of inflation followed a short-lived specious prosperity, however, the Second World War forced a change which was difficult absolutely for many. That means to say goodbye to splendour and luxury. Bad Schwalbach started to change from the prince bath to the social bath. It could not avoid the development up to modern time. Today, as a Hessian state bath, it invites with its numerous ferrous, carbonated mineral springs and its ferrous mineral moor also to bath cures as it is able to bring healing and abatement with drinking cures. The temperate stimulated climate creates by the lee position between the wooded heights, in addition, excellent climatic conditions and influences the success of the applied cures in ideal way. The glamorous past meets you everywhere in this city: The small castle of the Rothenburg landgraves (built 1602, today district court); the commemorative tablet at the school for Nikolaus August Otto, the inventor of the internal combustion engine who found out here the beginning of his knowledge which changed the technical world; the moor-bath house and the health resort house. Over and over again you meet traces of the past which give impulses to the present. Today Bad Schwalbach is a residential city and authority city in the green, in the midst of a big landscape protection area.

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