Kreuznach lies approx. half an hour drive removes of Ruedesheim
in the Rhine-Hessian hinterland on the other Rhine side. Also
with public means of transportation - associated with a journey
of the passenger ferry of Ruedesheim to Bingen - you can reach
the metropolis which counts about 45,000 inhabitants in the Nahetal
between Rhine-Hessian hill country, Hunsrück and Palatine
mountainous country. In this case you should include in the plan
for your excursion a whole day.
Probably people already
appreciated the climatic advantages of the Kreuznach bay 100,000
years ago: The hand-axe which was found
in the today’s city is presumably so old. The Celtic colonists
from whom the Latinised name "Cruciniacum" was derived
probably established at the same place the first village.
Romans - who settled from about 50 B.C. up to the end of the 4-th
century in Bad Kreuznach – affixed a seal big
capital town. There are two tessellated pavements held up from
former estates and splendid villas with all comfort of quality,
which are issued in the worth seeing museum of the city. After
the Romans a fort already arose in the 4-th century, at the beginning
of 13-th century the counts of Sponheim built a castle. However,
beside this there are still many additional places of interest
of the city: Above all, the industrialisation and the cure allowed
to the city from the 19th century after preliminary centuries of
privations, disasters and wars an immense boom. Probably the Celts
already won salt from the salty springs of the area. During the
30-year-old war the city was conquered several times and Kauzenburg
above Bad Kreuznach was destroyed.
The spa hotel, the bath house
which was converted to a sauna and the enlarged thermal bath as
well as the Old Town between Kornmarkt
and Eiermarkt invite to sightseeing. In the Pauluskirche Karl Marx
married Jenny von Westphalen in 1843.
The bridge houses are the
most worth seeing town landmarks today. In 1495 they were mentioned
for the first time and were built on
the pillars of the old Nahe Bridge which was build in1300. Close
to railway station there is the Saint Nikolauskirche which was
donated in 1250 by a count of Sponheim and was given in 1281 to
the Carmelite's order. Even today it is a significant report of
the medieval, Middel Rhine architecture.