am Rhein lies in the north of Rheinhessen, at the so-called Rhine
knee, to the west of the capital Mainz, approx. 30 auto minutes
remote of Ruedesheim and is also well accessible by the train.
The Rhine forms the northern border of the city. To the south
the city applies in the valley of the Selz in which flows in
the part of Ingelheim north into the Rhine. The parts of Ingelheim
middle and Ingelheim south snuggle up to the northwest corner
of the so-called Mainz mountain. The lowest point of the city
is the Rhine harbour with 80.8 m. above sea level. Both highest
points are the Mainz Mountain with 247.8 m. above sea level as
well as Westerberg with 247.5 m above sea level.
The Ingelheim area was already settled in prehistoric time. The
place attains special meaning, nevertheless, only under Charlemagne
and his successors. Here Karl established the Palatinate in which
subsequently synods and parliament were held. His son and successor,
Emperor Ludwig died on the 20th June 840 in Ingelheim. In the high-level
Middle Ages and late Middle Ages the meaning of the Palatinate
and with it Nieder-Ingelheim went back.
For the German justice history
the Ingelheim upper court is of special meaning, because a unique
collection of judgments from
the 15th and 16th century is maintained from it.
In 1939 the formerly
independent places Nieder-Ingelheim, Ober-Ingelheim and Frei-Weinheim
were united to the city of Ingelheim am Rhein.
During the Second World War Ingelheim came over undamaged as the
only city between Mainz and Koblenz. Today Ingelheim is a middle
centre in Rhineland-Palatinate and seat of the management of a
circle of the administrative district Mainz-Bingen.
The museum at
the Kaiserpfalz informs in its own department about the built Kaiserpfalz
by Charlemagne after 785 in Ingelheim. Archaeological
small findings, objects from the area of the construction plastic
as well as a clear model of the once imposing building are presented.
Rests of the Kaiserpfalz can be visited in immediate nearness to
the museum. The golden Solidus found in 1996 is from European meaning.
Up to now the only found golden coin with the portrait of Charlemagne.
addition, the city disposes beside the Carolingian Palatinate of
a row of worth seeing historical buildings:
Hall church (evangelistically),
997 established as a chapel Saint Peter of the Kaiserpfalz, Remigius
church (catholic) with Romanesque door fall in the tower, castle
church, Saint Michael with plague cross, Roman water pipe, Heidesheim
gate, Bismarck tower, Ohrenbrückertor, Uffhubtor, Malakoffturm,
Jewish cemetery, old market hall in Nieder-Ingelheim, Selztaldom.