capital Wiesbaden, 270,000 inhabitants, lies 27 km to the east
of Ruedesheim. Wiesbaden is accessible from Ruedesheim by the
car on the B 42 and afterwards on the A 66 in about 20 minutes
and also with the train and bus.
Wiesbaden is surrounded in the east, the north and the west by
hills, in the south it borders on the Rhine. It has a mild climate;
due to the position in a basin sometimes it becomes muggy in summer.
It has a high leisure value in view of the nearness to Untertaunus
in the north and to the Rheingau in the west.
Wiesbaden which was
destroyed just a little bit during the 2-nd world war is a relatively
young city which is marked by the architectural
historism style. At the beginning of 19-th century its development
to a cure and resort town began among the dukes of Nassau. 26 hot
springs with a temperature of average 66 ° C have contributed
substantially to the rise of Wiesbaden - best known is the cooking
In the health resort quarter in particular the health resort
house of 1907 is to be visited (neo-classicist) where concerts,
cultural arrangements and congresses take place. In the amusement
arcade of the predecessor's construction the Russian poet gambled
away in 1862 his whole money and received there also his impressions
for his novel "Der Spieler".
Beside the health resort
house the state theatre lies in a neo-renaissance construction
of 1894; in the big house operas, operettas and ballet
are performed and in the small house and in the studio plays are
performed. Especially known are the international May pageants
introduced by emperor Wilhelm I.
The Old Town with the castle square
as a centre lies to the west of the health resort quarter. The
Protestant market church of 1862
(neo-gothic) is the highest building of Wiesbaden (98 m). The alongside
new city hall of 1887 serves as lodging for the city parliament,
the mayor and for a part of the city administration. Kitty-cornered
there is the old city hall of 1610, the oldest building on the
place; it is used as a registry office. Over the way meets the
Hessian parliament in the Nassau city castle of 1842 which the
dukes of Nassau, who inhabited before the Biebricher castle, had
built and in which they resided till 1866. The Wiesbaden nightlife
happens in the Wagemannstraße situated to the west of it.
was an old principality from the 12-th century and had its origin
in Nassau an der Lahn. By numerous hereditary divisions
it disintegrated into several small states, which were brought
together by Napoleon in 1806 within the Rhine alliance again; three
years before the Rheingau, which had belong to the archbishopric
Mainz for 800 years had become Nassau. During the Prussian-Austrian
war of 1866 Nassau just as Kurhessen fought on Austrian side, then
victorious Prussia annexed these areas together with the free imperial
city of Frankfurt am Main and summarised them to the Prussian province
Hessen Nassau. In 1945 the American military government founded
here the federal state great Hessen and did the former Nassau residence
Wiesbaden to the Hessian capital.